Gmail for Android starts receiving this new redesigned interface, here’s what has changed – Times of India

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Email service provided by Google

Gmail
Gmail screenshot.png

A screenshot of a Gmail inbox and compose box

Type of site

Webmail
Available in 105 languages
Owner Google
Created by Paul Buchheit
URL www.gmail.com
Edit this at Wikidata
Commercial Yes
Registration Required
Users 1.5 billion (October 2019)[1]
Launched Apr 1, 2004; 18 years ago
 (2004-04-01)
Current status Active

Content license

Proprietary
Written in Java, C++ (back-end), JavaScript (UI)[2]

Gmail
is a free e-mail service provided past Google. As of 2019, information technology had 1.5 billion active users worldwide.[1]
A user typically accesses Gmail in a web browser or the official mobile app. Google as well supports the use of email clients via the POP and IMAP protocols.

At its launch in 2004, Gmail provided a storage capacity of ane gigabyte per user, which was significantly higher than its competitors offered at the fourth dimension. Today, the service comes with fifteen gigabytes of storage. Users can receive emails upwardly to fifty megabytes in size, including attachments, while they can ship emails up to 25 megabytes. In club to send larger files, users can insert files from Google Drive into the bulletin. Gmail has a search-oriented interface and a “conversation view” similar to an Cyberspace forum. The service is notable amid website developers for its early adoption of Ajax.

Google’s mail servers automatically scan emails for multiple purposes, including to filter spam and malware, and to add context-sensitive advertisements next to emails. This advertising practice has been significantly criticized past privacy advocates due to concerns over unlimited data memory, ease of monitoring past third parties, users of other email providers non having agreed to the policy upon sending emails to Gmail addresses, and the potential for Google to change its policies to farther decrease privacy past combining information with other Google data usage. The company has been the subject of lawsuits concerning the issues. Google has stated that email users must “necessarily wait” their emails to be subject to automated processing and claims that the service refrains from displaying ads next to potentially sensitive messages, such as those mentioning race, organized religion, sexual orientation, health, or financial statements. In June 2017, Google announced the end to the apply of contextual Gmail content for advertising purposes, relying instead on data gathered from the apply of its other services.[iii]

Features

Storage

The Gmail webmail interface as it originally appeared

  1. On Apr 1, 2004, Gmail was launched with one gigabyte (GB) of storage space, a significantly higher amount than competitors offered at the time.[4]
  2. On Apr 1, 2005, the first ceremony of Gmail, the limit was doubled to two gigabytes of storage. Georges Harik, the product direction manager for Gmail, stated that Google would “keep giving people more space forever.”[5]
  3. On April 24, 2012, Google announced the increase of storage included in Gmail from 7.5 to ten gigabytes (“and counting”) as part of the launch of Google Drive.[6]
  4. On May thirteen, 2013, Google announced the overall merge of storage across Gmail, Google Drive, and Google+ Photos, allowing users 15 gigabytes of included storage among three services.[7]
    [8]
  5. On August 15, 2018, Google launched Google One, a service where users tin can pay for additional storage, shared among Gmail, Google Drive and Google Photos, through a monthly subscription plan. Every bit of 2021[update], storage of up to 15 gigabytes is included, and paid plans are available for up to 2 terabytes for personal use.[9]

At that place are also storage limits to individual Gmail messages. Initially, i message, including all attachments, could non be larger than 25 megabytes.[10]
This was inverse in March 2017 to permit receiving an email of up to 50 megabytes, while the limit for sending an email stayed at 25 megabytes.[11]
[12]
In guild to send larger files, users can insert files from Google Drive into the bulletin.[xiii]

Interface

The Gmail user interface initially differed from other web-mail service systems with its focus on search and conversation threading of emails, group several messages between two or more people onto a single page, an arroyo that was afterwards copied by its competitors. Gmail’s user interface designer, Kevin Trick, intended users to feel as if they were always on 1 page and just irresolute things on that page, rather than having to navigate to other places.[14]

Gmail’due south interface also makes utilize of ‘labels’ (tags) – that supercede the conventional folders and provide a more flexible method of organizing emails; filters for automatically organizing, deleting or forwarding incoming emails to other addresses; and importance markers for automatically marking messages as ‘important’.

In November 2011, Google began rolling out a redesign of its interface that “simplified” the expect of Gmail into a more than minimalist design to provide a more than consistent await throughout its products and services as function of an overall Google pattern change. Majorly redesigned elements included a streamlined chat view, configurable density of data, new higher-quality themes, a resizable navigation bar with always-visible labels and contacts, and better search.[xv]
[16]
Users were able to preview the new interface blueprint for months prior to the official release, as well as revert to the one-time interface, until March 2012, when Google discontinued the ability to revert and completed the transition to the new design for all users.[17]

In May 2013, Google updated the Gmail inbox with tabs which permit the awarding to categorize the user’s emails. The 5 tabs are: Primary, Social, Promotions, Updates, and Forums. In add-on to customization options, the entire update can exist disabled, allowing users to return to the traditional inbox structure.[18]
[19]

In April 2018, Google introduced a new web UI for Gmail. The new redesign follows Google’s Material Design, and changes in the user interface include the use of Google’south Product Sans font. Other updates include a
Confidential mode, which allows the sender to set an expiration date for a sensitive message or to revoke it entirely, integrated rights direction and ii-gene authentication.[20]

On sixteen November 2020, Google announced new settings for smart features and personalization in Gmail. Under the new settings users were given control of their data in Gmail, Chat, and See, offer smart features like Smart Compose and Smart Reply.[21]

On 6 April 2021, Google rolled out Google Chat and Room (early admission) feature to all Gmail users.[22]
[23]

On 28 July 2022, Google rolled out Textile You to all Gmail users.[24]

Spam filter

Gmail’southward spam filtering features a community-driven system: when any user marks an email as spam, this provides information to assistance the system identify similar future messages for all Gmail users.[25]

In the April 2018 update, the spam filtering banners got a redesign, with bigger and bolder lettering.

Gmail Labs

The Gmail Labs characteristic, introduced on June v, 2008, allows users to exam new or experimental features of Gmail. Users can enable or disable Labs features selectively and provide feedback about each of them. This allows Gmail engineers to obtain user input about new features to better them and also to assess their popularity.[26]

Popular features, like the “Disengage Send” option, ofttimes “graduate” from Gmail Labs to become a formal setting in Gmail.[27]

All Labs features are experimental and are subject to termination at any time.[28]

Search

Gmail incorporates a search bar for searching emails. The search bar can also search contacts, files stored in Google Drive, events from Google Calendar, and Google Sites.[29]
[thirty]
[31]

In May 2012, Gmail improved the search functionality to include auto-complete predictions from the user’south emails.[32]

Gmail’s search functionality does not support searching for give-and-take fragments (besides known as ‘substring search’ or partial word search). Workarounds exist.[32]

Linguistic communication support

Gmail supports multiple languages, including the Japanese interface shown here

As of March 2015[update], the Gmail interface supports 72 languages, including: Arabic, Basque, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (simplified), Chinese (traditional), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English (United kingdom of great britain and northern ireland), English (US), Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Malay, Malayalam, Marathi, Norwegian (Bokmål), Odia, Polish, Punjabi, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Castilian, Swedish, Tagalog (Filipino), Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Vietnamese, Welsh and Zulu.[33]

Language input styles

In October 2012, Google added over 100 virtual keyboards, transliterations, and input method editors to Gmail, enabling users different types of input styles for unlike languages in an try to help users write in languages that aren’t “limited by the language of your keyboard.”[34]
[35]

In October 2013, Google added handwriting input back up to Gmail.[36]

In Baronial 2014, Gmail became the showtime major email provider to allow users send and receive emails from addresses with accent marks and messages from outside the Latin alphabet.[37]
[38]

Platforms

Spider web browsers

Gmail’s “basic HTML” version works on almost all browsers. The modern AJAX version is officially supported in the current and previous major releases of Google Chrome, Firefox, Cyberspace Explorer, Microsoft Edge and Safari spider web browsers on a rolling basis.[39]
[twoscore]

In August 2011, Google introduced Gmail Offline, an HTML5-powered app for providing access to the service while offline. Gmail Offline runs on the Google Chrome browser and can exist downloaded from the Chrome Web Store.[41]
[42]
[43]

In addition to the native apps on iOS and Android, users can access Gmail through the web browser on a mobile device.[44]

Mobile

Gmail has native applications for iOS devices[45]
(including iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch) and for Android devices.[46]

In November 2014, Google introduced functionality in the Gmail Android app that enabled sending and receiving emails from non-Gmail addresses (such as Yahoo! Mail and Outlook.com) through POP or IMAP.[47]

In Nov 2016, Google redesigned the Gmail app for the iOS platform, bringing the first consummate visual overhaul in “nearly four years”. The update added much more use of colors, sleeker transitions, and the addition of several “highly-requested” features, including Undo Send, faster search with instant results and spelling suggestions, and Swipe to Archive/Delete.[48]
[49]

In May 2017, Google updated Gmail on Android to feature protection from phishing attacks.[50]
[51]
[52]
Media outlets noticed that the new protection was announced amongst a widespread phishing attack on a combination of Gmail and Google’s Docs document service that occurred on the aforementioned 24-hour interval.[51]
[52]

Subsequently in May, Google announced the add-on of “Smart Reply” to Gmail on Android and iOS. “Smart Answer”, a characteristic originally launched for Google’south Inbox past Gmail service, scans a bulletin for information and uses automobile intelligence to offer three responses the user can optionally edit and send. The feature is limited to the English language language at launch, with additional support for Castilian, followed by other languages arriving afterward.[53]
[54]

Inbox by Gmail, another app from the Gmail squad, was as well available for iOS[55]
and Android[56]
devices. It was discontinued in Apr 2019.

Tertiary-party programs can be used to access Gmail, using the POP or IMAP protocols.[57]
In 2019, Google rolled out dark mode for its mobile apps in Android and iOS.[58]

Inbox by Gmail

In Oct 2014, Google introduced
Inbox by Gmail
on an invitation-only basis. Adult by the Gmail squad, but serving as a “completely different type of inbox”, the service is fabricated to assist users deal with the challenges of an active email. Citing problems such as distractions, difficulty in finding important information buried in letters, and receiving more emails than ever, Inbox by Gmail has several important differences from Gmail, including bundles that automatically sort emails of the same topic together, highlights that surface primal information from messages, and reminders, assists, and snooze, that assist the user in handling incoming emails at appropriate times.[59]
[lx]
[61]

Inbox by Gmail became publicly available in May 2015.[62]
In September 2018, Google announced it would end the service at the end of March 2019, most of its key features having been incorporated into the standard Gmail service.[63]
The service was discontinued on April two, 2019.[64]

Integration with Google products

In August 2010, Google released a plugin that provides integrated telephone service inside Gmail’s Google Conversation interface. The feature initially lacked an official proper noun, with Google referring to it as both “Google Vocalization in Gmail chat” and “Call Phones in Gmail”.[65]
[66]
[67]
The service logged over one meg calls in 24 hours.[67]
[68]
In March 2014, Google Voice was discontinued, and replaced with functionality from Google Hangouts, another communication platform from Google.[69]
[70]

On February 9, 2010, Google commenced its new social networking tool, Google Buzz, which integrated with Gmail, allowing users to share links and media, as well as status updates.[71]
Google Buzz was discontinued in Oct 2011, replaced with new functionality in Google+, Google’s so-new social networking platform.[72]
[73]

Gmail was integrated with Google+ in December 2011, every bit role of an endeavour to have all Google data across one Google account, with a centralized Google+ user profile.[74]
Backlash from the move caused Google to step back and remove the requirement of a Google+ user account, keeping only a private Google account without a public-facing profile, starting in July 2015.[75]

In May 2013, Google announced the integration between Google Wallet and Gmail, which would allow Gmail users to ship money as email attachments. Although the sender must use a Gmail account, the recipient does non need to be using a Gmail address.[76]
[77]
The feature has no transaction fees, but there are limits to the amount of money that can exist sent.[78]
Initially simply available on the web, the feature was expanded to the Android app in March 2017, for people living in the United States.[79]
[80]

In September 2016, Google released
Google Trips, an app that, based on information from a user’south Gmail messages, automatically generates travel cards. A travel carte contains itinerary details, such as airplane tickets and car rentals, and recommends activities, nutrient and drinks, and attractions based on location, time, and interests. The app also has offline functionality.[81]
[82]
In Apr 2017, Google Trips received an update adding several significant features. The app now also scans Gmail for bus and train tickets, and allows users to manually input trip reservations. Users tin send trip details to other users’ email, and if the recipient as well has Google Trips, the information will exist automatically available in their apps too.[83]
[84]

Security

History

Google has supported the secure HTTPS since the day it launched. In the beginning, information technology was only default on the login page, a reason that Google engineer Ariel Rideout stated was because HTTPS fabricated “your mail slower”. Notwithstanding, users could manually switch to secure HTTPS mode within the inbox after logging in. In July 2008, Google simplified the power to manually enable secure mode, with a toggle in the settings carte du jour.[85]

In 2007, Google fixed a cross-site scripting security effect that could let attackers collect information from Gmail contact lists.[86]

In Jan 2010, Google began rolling out HTTPS equally the default for all users.[87]

In June 2012, a new security characteristic was introduced to protect users from land-sponsored attacks. A banner will appear at the elevation of the page that warns users of an unauthorized account compromise.[88]
[89]

In March 2014, Google announced that an encrypted HTTPS connection would be used for the sending and receiving of all Gmail emails, and “every single email message you send or receive —100% of them —is encrypted while moving internally” through the company’s systems.[90]

Whenever possible, Gmail uses transport layer security (TLS) to automatically encrypt emails sent and received. On the web and on Android devices, users can check if a bulletin is encrypted by checking if the bulletin has a airtight or open cherry-red padlock.[91]

Gmail automatically scans all incoming and outgoing e-mails for viruses in e-mail attachments. For security reasons, some file types, including executables, are not allowed to be sent in emails.[92]

At the cease of May 2017, Google announced that information technology had practical machine learning engineering to identify emails with phishing and spam, having a 99.ix% detection accuracy. The visitor likewise announced that Gmail would selectively delay some messages, approximately 0.05% of all, to perform more than detailed analysis and aggregate details to improve its algorithms.[93]
[94]

Tertiary-party encryption in transit

Gmail Transport Encryption by Country

Gmail transport encryption by land

In Google’southward Transparency Written report under the Safer email section, it provides information on the percentage of emails encrypted in transit between Gmail and tertiary-party email providers.[95]

Two-footstep verification

Gmail supports 2-step verification, an optional boosted mensurate for users to protect their accounts when logging in.[96]

One time enabled, users are required to verify their identity using a second method after entering their username and password when logging in on a new device. Common methods include entering a lawmaking sent to a user’s mobile phone through a text message, inbound a lawmaking using the Google Authenticator smartphone app, responding to a prompt on an Android/iOS device
[97]
or by inserting a physical security primal into the computer’s USB port.[98]

Using a security fundamental for two-step verification was fabricated bachelor as an selection in Oct 2014.[99]
[100]

24-60 minutes lockdowns

If an algorithm detects what Google calls “abnormal usage that may indicate that your account has been compromised”, the account tin be automatically locked down for between one minute and 24 hours, depending on the blazon of activity detected. Listed reasons for a lock-down include:[101]

  • “Receiving, deleting, or downloading big amounts of mail via POP or IMAP in a short period of time. If y’all’re getting the fault message, ‘Lockdown in Sector 4,’ you should be able to access Gmail once again after waiting 24 hours.”
  • “Sending a large number of undeliverable letters (messages that bounce back).”
  • “Using file-sharing or file-storage software, browser extensions, or third-party software that automatically logs into your account.”
  • “Leaving multiple instances of Gmail open up.”
  • “Browser-related bug. Please notation that if you find your browser continually reloading while attempting to access your Inbox, it’s probably a browser issue, and it may be necessary to clear your browser’s cache and cookies.”

Anti-kid pornography policy

Google combats child pornography through Gmail’s servers in conjunction with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC) to find children suffering abuse around the earth. In collaboration with the NCMEC, Google creates a database of child pornography pictures. Each one of the images is given a unique numerical number known equally a hash. Google then scans Gmail looking for the unique hashes. When suspicious images are located Google reports the incident to the appropriate national authorities.[102]

History

Gmail logo used until 2020

The thought for Gmail was developed by Paul Buchheit several years before it was announced to the public. The projection was known by the code name
Caribou. During early development, the project was kept cloak-and-dagger from most of Google’s own engineers. This changed once the project improved, and by early 2004, most employees were using it to access the company’due south internal email system.[103]

Gmail was announced to the public by Google on April i, 2004 equally a express beta release.[104]

In Nov 2006, Google began offering a Java-based awarding of Gmail for mobile phones.[105]

In Oct 2007, Google began a procedure of rewriting parts of the code that Gmail used, which would make the service faster and add new features, such as custom keyboard shortcuts and the ability to bookmark specific letters and electronic mail searches.[106]
Gmail also added IMAP support in October 2007.[107]

An update around January 2008 changed elements of Gmail’s utilize of JavaScript, and resulted in the failure of a tertiary-party script some users had been using. Google best-selling the issue and helped users with workarounds.[108]

Gmail exited the beta condition on July seven, 2009.[109]

Prior to December 2013, users had to approve to see images in emails, which acted as a security measure. This changed in Dec 2013, when Google, citing improved image handling, enabled images to be visible without user approval. Images are now routed through Google’s secure proxy servers rather than the original external host servers.[110]
MarketingLand
noted that the change to epitome handling means electronic mail marketers will no longer be able to track the recipient’s IP accost or data well-nigh what kind of device the recipient is using.[111]
However,
Wired
stated that the new change ways senders can rails the fourth dimension when an e-mail is first opened, as the initial loading of the images requires the organisation to make a “callback” to the original server.[112]

Growth

In June 2012, Google announced that Gmail had 425 1000000 active users globally.[113]
In May 2015, Google announced that Gmail had 900 1000000 active users, 75% of whom were using the service on mobile devices.[114]
In February 2016, Google announced that Gmail had passed 1 billion active users.[115]
[116]
In July 2017, Google announced that Gmail had passed 1.2 billion agile users.[117]
[118]

In the business sector,
Quartz
reported in Baronial 2014 that, among 150 companies checked in iii major categories in the U.s.a. (Fortune 50 largest companies, mid-size tech and media companies, and startup companies from the last Y Combinator incubator form), but one Fortune 50 company used Gmail – Google itself – while 60% of mid-sized companies and 92% of startup companies were using Gmail.[119]

In May 2014, Gmail became the start app on the Google Play Shop to hit ane billion installations on Android devices.[120]

Gamil Design company and misspellings

Before the introduction of Gmail, the website of production and graphic design from Gamil Pattern in Raleigh, Due north Carolina received three,000 hits per month. A Google engineer who had accidentally gone to the Gamil site a number of times contacted the company and asked if the site had experienced an increase in traffic. In fact, the site’s activity had doubled. 2 years later, with 600,000 hits per month, the Internet service provider wanted to charge more, and Gamil posted the message on its site “Y’all may have arrived hither by misspelling Gmail. We understand. Typing fast is not our strongest skill. But since you’ve typed your way hither, let’s share.”[121]

Google Workspace

Every bit part of Google Workspace (formerly
G Suite), Google’southward business organisation-focused offering, Gmail comes with boosted features, including:[122]

  • Electronic mail addresses with the customer’s domain name (@yourcompany.com)
  • 99.9% guaranteed uptime with aught scheduled downtime for maintenance[123]
  • Either 30 GB or unlimited storage shared with Google Drive, depending on the plan
  • 24/7 phone and email support
  • Synchronization compatibility with Microsoft Outlook and other email providers
  • Support for add-ons that integrate third-party apps purchased from the Google Workspace Marketplace with Gmail[124]
    [125]
    [126]

Reception

Gmail is noted by spider web developers for its early adoption of Ajax.[127]

Awards

Gmail was ranked 2d in
PC Earth’due south “100 Best Products of 2005”, backside Firefox. Gmail also won ‘Honorable Mention’ in the Bottom Line Blueprint Awards 2005.[128]
[129]
In September 2006,
Forbes
declared Gmail to exist the best webmail application for small businesses.[130]
In November 2006, Gmail received PC World’s 4-star rating.[131]

Criticism

Privacy

Google has one privacy policy that covers all of its services.[132]

Google claims that they “will not target ads based on sensitive data, such as race, religion, sexual orientation, health, or sensitive financial categories.”[133]

Automated scanning of email content

Google’due south mail servers automatically scan emails for multiple purposes, including filtering spam and malware, and (until 2017) adding context-sensitive advertisements next to emails.[134]
[135]
[136]

Privacy advocates raised concerns about this practice; concerns included that assuasive email content to exist read past a machine (as opposed to a person) can let Google to keep unlimited amounts of data forever; the automated background scanning of data raises the chance that the expectation of privacy in email usage will be reduced or eroded; information collected from emails could be retained by Google for years after its electric current relevancy to build complete profiles on users; emails sent by users from other email providers get scanned despite never having agreed to Google’s privacy policy or terms of service; Google can change its privacy policy unilaterally, and for pocket-sized changes to the policy it can do and then without informing users; in court cases, governments and organizations tin potentially find it easier to legally monitor email communications; at whatsoever time, Google can change its current company policies to permit combining information from emails with data gathered from use of its other services; and any internal security problem on Google’s systems tin potentially betrayal many – or all – of its users.[134]
[136]
[135]
[137]
[138]

In 2004, xxx-one privacy and civil liberties organizations wrote a letter of the alphabet calling upon Google to append its Gmail service until the privacy problems were adequately addressed. The letter of the alphabet also called upon Google to clarify its written information policies regarding data retention and data sharing among its business units. The organizations also voiced their concerns about Google’due south program to scan the text of all incoming messages for the purposes of ad placement, noting that the scanning of confidential electronic mail for inserting tertiary-political party advertising content violates the implicit trust of an email service provider.[136]

On June 23, 2017, Google appear that, after in 2017, it would stage out the scanning of email content to generate contextual advert, relying on personal data collected through other Google services instead. The company stated that this change was meant to clarify its practices and quell concerns amongst enterprise G Suite (now Google Workspace) customers who felt an ambiguous distinction between the free consumer and paid professional person variants, the latter being advertising-gratis.[3]
[139]

Lawsuits

In March 2011, a former Gmail user in Texas sued Google, claiming that its Gmail service violates users’ privacy by scanning e-mail messages to serve relevant ads.[140]

In July 2012, some California residents filed two class action lawsuits against Google and Yahoo!, claiming that they illegally intercept emails sent by individual non-Gmail or non-Yahoo! email users to Gmail and Yahoo! recipients without the senders’ knowledge, consent or permission.[141]
A motion filed past Google’south attorneys in the case concedes that Gmail users take “no expectation of privacy”.[142]

A court filing uncovered by advocacy group Consumer Watchdog in Baronial 2013 revealed that Google stated in a court filing that no “reasonable expectation” exists among Gmail users in regard to the bodacious confidentiality of their emails.[143]
In response to a lawsuit filed in May 2013, Google explained:

“… all users of electronic mail must necessarily expect that their emails will be subject to automated processing …  Just as a sender of a letter of the alphabet to a business colleague cannot be surprised that the recipient’s assistant opens the letter, people who use web-based email today cannot be surprised if their communications are processed past the recipient’s ECS [electronic communications service] provider in the form of commitment.[143]

A Google spokesperson stated to the media on August 15, 2013 that the corporation takes the privacy and security concerns of Gmail users “very seriously.”[143]

Apr 2014 Terms of service update

Google updated its terms of service for Gmail in April 2014 to create full transparency for its users in regard to the scanning of email content. The relevant revision states: “Our automatic systems analyse your content (including emails) to provide you personally relevant product features, such as customised search results, tailored advertising, and spam and malware detection. This analysis occurs equally the content is sent, received, and when information technology is stored.” A Google spokesperson explained that the corporation wishes for its policies “to be uncomplicated and piece of cake for users to understand.”

In response to the update, Jim Killock, executive manager of the Open up Rights Group, stated: “The really dangerous things that Google is doing are things like the information held in Analytics, cookies in advertising and the profiling that it is able to do on individual accounts”.[135]

Microsoft ad campaign against Google

In 2013, Microsoft launched an advertizement campaign to set on Google for scanning electronic mail letters, arguing that nigh consumers are not enlightened that Google monitors their personal letters to evangelize targeted ads. Microsoft claims that its email service Outlook does not browse the contents of messages and a Microsoft spokesperson called the issue of privacy “Google’s kryptonite.” In response, Google stated; “Nosotros work difficult to make sure that ads are prophylactic, unobtrusive and relevant … No humans read your email or Google Business relationship information in order to prove you advertisements or related information. An automatic algorithm — similar to that used for features like Priority Inbox or spam filtering — determines which ads are shown.”
The New York Times
cites “Google supporters”, who say that “Microsoft’s ads are distasteful, the last resort of a company that has been unsuccessful at competing against Google on the more noble battleground of products”.[144]

Other privacy problems

2010 attack from China

In Jan 2010, Google detected a “highly sophisticated” cyberattack on its infrastructure that originated from China. The targets of the assail were Chinese human rights activists, simply Google discovered that accounts belonging to European, American and Chinese activists for human rights in Cathay had been “routinely accessed past third parties”. Additionally, Google stated that their investigation revealed that “at least” 20 other large companies from a “wide range of businesses” – including the Internet, finance, engineering, media and chemical sectors – had been similarly targeted. Google was in the procedure of notifying those companies and it had also worked with relevant The states government. In light of the attacks, Google enhanced the security and architecture of its infrastructure, and advised private users to install anti-virus and anti-spyware on their computers, update their operating systems and web browsers, and be cautious when clicking on Internet links or when sharing personal information in instant messages and emails.[145]
[146]

The February 2010 launch of Google Buzz, a former social network that was linked to Gmail, immediately drew criticism for publicly sharing details of users’ contacts unless the default settings were changed.[147]
[148]
A new Gmail feature was launched in January 2014, whereby users tin e-mail people with Google+ accounts fifty-fifty though they exercise not know the email address of the recipient. Marc Rotenberg, President of the Electronic Privacy Information Middle, called the feature “troubling”, and compared it to the Google Buzz initial launch privacy flaw.[149]

Update to DoubleClick privacy policy

In June 2016, Julia Angwin of ProPublica wrote nearly Google’due south updated privacy policy, which deleted a clause that had stated Google would not combine DoubleClick spider web browsing cookie information with personally identifiable data from its other services. This change has allowed Google to merge users’ personally identifiable information from different Google services to create one unified advert contour for each user. Afterwards publication of the article, Google reached out to ProPublica to say that the merge would not include Gmail keywords in ad targeting.[150]

Outages

Gmail suffered at to the lowest degree 7 outages in 2009, causing doubts nearly the reliability of its service.[151]
[152]
It suffered a new outage on February 28, 2011, in which a bug caused Gmail accounts to seem empty. Google stated in a web log postal service that “email was never lost” and restoration was in progress.[153]
Other outages occurred on Apr 17, 2012,[154]
September 24, 2013,[155]
Jan 24, 2014,[156]
January 29, 2019
[157]
and August 20, 2020.[158]

Google has stated that “Gmail remains more 99.9% available to all users, and we’re committed to keeping events like [the 2009 outage] notable for their rarity.”[159]


“On behalf of” tag

In May 2009, Farhad Manjoo wrote on
The New York Times
web log about Gmail’due south “on behalf of” tag. Manjoo explained: “The problems is, when you try to send outbound mail from your Gmail universal inbox, Gmail adds a tag telling your recipients that you’re actually using Gmail and not your office electronic mail. If your recipient is using Microsoft Outlook, he’ll see a bulletin like, ‘From [email protected] on behalf of [email protected]” Manjoo further wrote that “Google explains that information technology adds the tag in society to prevent your email from being considered spam by your recipient; the theory is that if the e-mail is honest about its origins, it shouldn’t arouse suspicion past spam checking software”.[160]
The following July, Google announced a new choice that would remove the “On behalf of” tag, past sending the e-mail from the server of the other electronic mail address instead of using Gmail’s servers.[161]

See also

  • Comparison of post servers
  • Comparison of webmail providers
  • List of Google products

References

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    a




    b




    Petrova (Oct 26, 2019). “Gmail dominates consumer e-mail with ane.5 billion users”.
    CNBC.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2019. Retrieved
    Nov 19,
    2019
    .



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    Siegler, MG (March fourteen, 2010). “The Key To Gmail: Sh*t Umbrellas”.
    TechCrunch. AOL. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved
    October 27,
    2018
    .


  3. ^


    a




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External links


  • Official website

    Edit this at Wikidata
  • Official Website for Gmail for Work
  • Gmail official mobile site (multi-language)



Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gmail