How To Grow Mangrove Trees

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There’s always something magical about growing mangrove trees in your home. These trees are equally exotic and tropical as they come. And it’s not but near how the resourceful mangroves can cope with salty water, hoard fresh water, and breathe in more ways than you can imagine. Whether above or underwater, the mangrove trees adapt to every habitat and turn whatever nature throws at it into an reward.

It’s no wonder that the mangroves are condign office of every terrarium, vivarium, and freshwater aquarium. Not only as a prop to brand the marine life in the tank feel more at home. Mangrove trees are starring in their ain shows now. And information technology’s the fish that are used to add authenticity to the scene.

So what’southward the deal with mangrove copse? What varieties are at that place? And how can you grow them at abode? Read on to observe out more than about these astonishing trees.

What are Mangrove Trees

Freshwater, stagnant water, and marine water are all ideal habitats for mangrove copse. Yous will run across them forth the seashore, growing out of the muddied water on river banks and standing lonely in the middle of a shallow swimming. Both the shrubs and trees are natives to the tropics, and they have adapted rather well to all bodies of water. As long as there’s water somewhere, mangrove trees lay their roots and call it home.

And while nearly plants cannot survive in salty water, mangroves have developed a filtering system that keeps out nigh 90 percent of the salt in the water and only allows the nutrients in. This strategy fabricated information technology possible for mangroves to thrive in water with six times salt concentration than many plants can handle.

The leaves of the mangroves are fleshy and covered with a coating of wax. If you happen to cut one of those thick leaves, you’ll see h2o oozing out of the cutting. That’s because, much like succulents and desert plants, the leaves serve as tanks to shop freshwater for the mangrove.

But it’south the tree’south ability to exhale fifty-fifty in the most inhospitable environments that takes one’s breath away. In brackish h2o, where oxygen levels are at their lowest, the tree will ship out roots that breach the surface of the h2o and suck the oxygen in the air.  All in all, these are amazing plants that deserve a place in your terrarium.

Uses of Mangrove Trees

Equally one might look of a versatile and hardy plant like the mangrove trees, flesh has institute many uses for them. Not just in the obvious fields of timber processing but also in outlandish ways. Here are some of these uses which remain in outcome to this day.

  • Due to the wood’s high density, it goes into making saltwater houses, posts, and boats.
  • The bawl of red mangroves is a source of dye used with ropes, fishnets, and sails.
  • The trees are used to make charcoal and firewood in tropical Asia.
  • The roots have been used in many rituals in the Philippines to increase the fertility of the soil.
  • The timber is ideal for making throwing sticks that the Tiwi people use to hunt magpies.
  • Tannin extracted from the bark of the copse is used for curing leather.
  • In traditional medicine, the bawl of mangroves is used to make a concoction to cure stomach ulcers.
  • On the coasts and seashores, mangroves play a major role in protecting against state erosion.
  • The roots of the mangroves create an platonic setting for crabs and fish to brood and multiply.

Varieties of Mangrove Trees

Mangrove Tree

One time upon a time, mangrove trees covered most 3-quarters of the tropical coastal areas. Nowadays, the number of trees has dwindled considerably. It is estimated that there are eighty known species of mangroves in Asia and the Americas. Here are the most pop ones that you can grow indoors.

  • Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove (Bruguiera gymnorhiza):
    A popular species that grows all over the world. It thrives in mud, blackness soil, and sand. The mature tree averages 120 feet alpine, and its knee joint roots have a high tolerance to salty water. You tin can grow it in a mangrove basin, terrarium, vivarium, or aquarium. It has orange or pinkish flowers, and the seeds wait like cigars.
  • Crimson Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle):
    Famous for its stilt roots, these mangroves grow to almost 100 anxiety and thrive in mud and sandy environments. These tough trees can exist found in Southward Carolina, Texas, and Florida. Information technology can survive in muddy surroundings with piffling oxygen through lenticels (pores) on the trunks. These lenticels absorb the oxygen in the air and go along the tree alive. The flowers of these copse are small and white.
  • Tea Mangrove (Pelliciera rhizophorae):
    A small tree past mangrove standards and reaches about 60 feet at maturity. The thick roots of these trees course a buttress around the base of the tree and give information technology a singled-out shape as well as stability. Since the trees abound mainly in mud, they don’t develop a vast network of roots to get oxygen. Instead, the trunk is covered by lenticels for that purpose. The flowers of the tea mangrove are either red or white and are centre-catching.
  • Stilted Mangrove (Rhizophora stylosa):
    As the name implies, this mangrove has root stilts. It grows to upward to 90 feet in the wild. Moreover, it tin grow in muddy, stony, sandy soil. Even corals cannot end this tree from flourishing in their midst. As for the root stilts, they offering more than just support. If they encounter water, they volition develop a network of roots that absorb nutrients and moisture. The flowers are usually small and vary in color between white and yellow.

Naturally, when you grow a mangrove in a terrarium or a vivarium, you won’t allow information technology to reach these heights. You can manage the size of the tree using pruning and special intendance, equally we’ll run into after.

How to Grow Mangrove Trees Indoors

As versatile and hardy mangrove copse are, you tin grow them indoors in more one way. Below we’ll cover the common ways to grow ane of these trees.


It doesn’t matter what kind of water you make full your aquarium with. Most of the mangrove species we covered above will grow well in it. This includes stagnant water, salt h2o, or freshwater. Stilted mangrove especially thrives in either brackish or saltwater. Their root systems develop fast and commencement to absorb nitrates, nitrites, and phosphates from the h2o.


You can abound stilted mangrove, cerise mangrove, or orange mangrove in a vivarium. That’south because the high levels of humidity in the vivarium suit these tropical trees only fine. The but problem is, the trees tend to abound beyond control pretty fast. And then constant pruning is required to keep them compact and within the boundaries of the vivarium.


Simply red mangroves and orange mangroves can grow in a terrarium. That’s because you don’t normally utilize brackish or salty water in these types of containers. They grow well with other marine life and create a stunning scene of life under the ocean right in your living room.


 You can abound just nigh any mangrove species as a houseplant. Constitute it in a pot and identify it on a windowsill where information technology gets enough of sunlight. If you don’t have the right weather weather condition for this tropical plant, y’all tin can nevertheless abound it in a greenhouse. To help the tree conform to the atmospheric condition in your zone, start information technology from a seed. Mangroves however need about 12 hours of daylight and high temperatures. Use rut mats under the pots to keep the soil warm enough and forbid impairment to the roots.

Mangrove Trees Intendance

Mangrove Trees

As we mentioned, regular pruning is your way to keep the fast-growing mangrove trees nether control. This is specially true if you grow them in a terrarium or a vivarium. You also demand to pay extra attention to the type of soil, water quality, and light conditions.


Although in the wild, mangrove trees conform well to different types of soil from the muddy to sandy and stony, you need to cull the right soil for the specific type of tree you grow. A commercial mangrove mud is ideal for most species. Information technology has the right texture and nutrients for mangroves. The seed of the mangrove needs special nutrients to assist it germinate and abound. Don’t apply regular soil from your garden, especially if information technology’south clayish.


Tropical plants are accustomed to high temperatures and plenty of calorie-free. Your mangrove will demand air temperatures between 75 degrees and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. You shouldn’t let the temperature drib below fifty degrees F. Long-term exposure to common cold temperatures would have lasting damage to the mangrove trees.

As for water temperature, it should also range between 72 degrees and 82 degrees F. This is ideal for the tree roots to grow and absorb nutrients. If the temperature of the h2o drops down to 45 degrees F, the roots volition finish performance, and the tree will show signs of distress.


Equally a dominion of thumb, the higher the humidity level effectually the mangrove trees, the better. They flourish in surroundings with humidity averaging between lx to ninety per centum. This is why vivariums are ideal for them. To maintain these levels of humidity for houseplants, it’due south recommended that you mist them once or twice a day during the summer months. However, in the fall and winter, when the temperature drops, you can cutting dorsum on misting to but one time a solar day or on alternate days.


Besides pruning, calorie-free is a crucial factor in the success of mangrove copse. Yous’ll most likely need to utilize grow lights all year round except for the summer months. Mangroves need nigh 12 hours of daylight. If you continue the terrarium or vivarium indoors, it’s easy to fit the grow lights effectually them and provide adequate lite to the tree.